Artist database

This is the Artist Database of BMC, which includes information about composers, musicians, orchestras, choirs and groups that are either Hungarian or Hungarian by origin or live in Hungary, as well as information about releases recorded with them.

Maros Rudolf


Place of Birth
Stachy (Csehország)
Date of Birth

1917 - 1982

At the age of sixty, on the occasion of his first "composer's evening", Rudolf Maros supplemented the programme notes with the following brief biographical details: "Born in 1917. Zoltán Kodály's pupil at the Music Academy. Studied with Alois Hába in Prague. Since 1958 has repeatedly participated in the lectures of the Darmstadt Ferienkurse. 1939-1942: viola player in the Budapest Municipal Orchestra; 1942-1949: teacher at the Pécs Municipal Music School; 1949-1977: teacher at the Music Academy." This laconic, almost self-ironically brief account provides data as regards Maros's composition studies and his teaching career, but makes no mention of the works which made him one of the most significant composers in the generation after Bartók and Kodály.

Maros was born in Stachy in Czechoslovakia. After graduating from the Győr conservatory, in 1939 he entered the Budapest Music Academy, where, besides having composition studies with Kodály, he learned viola playing from János Temesváry. During his Pécs period he played an all-purpose musical role in the town, teaching, conducting choir and orchestra, composing choir pieces, string works and music to accompany theatrical performances, as well as playing in a quartet. After 1945, he played a part in bringing Kodály's concept of music teaching to Pécs, as well as assisting Kodály in the orchestration of Cinka Panna. Many of his musical, literary and theatrical connections dated from Pécs, including his friendship with the poet, Sándor Weöres. He composed an early work, the Nyúlfark Cantata, and several songs to Weöres poems. On the composer's death, Weöres wrote a little poem commemorating his spirit. Maros retained his connection with Pécs even after moving to Budapest: Imre Eck's Pécs Ballet inspired him to write three pieces for the ensemble; the ballets were performed all over the world.

In the enclosed political and spiritual world of the post-1945 decade, Rudolf Maros followed the path set out by Kodály with complete naturalness; his horizons as a composer were widened only by his 1949 grant-assisted studies with Hába. Later on, as a mature composer with his own voice, he still considered himself to be a member of the Kodály school. "My early chamber pieces and String Symphonies were composed very much under the influence of the master. I have him to thank for the careful arrangement of the musical material and the development of a sense of form. Naturally, I followed Zoltán Kodály in the arrangement of folksongs as well, as, for example, in the Ecseri Lakodalmas (Ecser wedding feast music), which was performed by the State Folk Ensemble thousands of times." (1976) "The strict formal requirements are the greatest strength of the Kodály school, and it is this skill that protects the composer from being carried away by the ecstasy of his discoveries and from loosing his sense of proportion for the sake of certain effects." (1968) Rudolf Maros was protected from mistakes in proportion also by the inner harmony of his personality and his instinctive sense of style. While he was among the first Hungarian composers in the fifties to become open to the results of the music of the Viennese school, Webern and the serialists, he immediately selected and shaped the accumulating new knowledge. Thus his new-style music preserved sureness of taste, elegance of expression and economy of form – in that sense, with all the changes and transformations in style, his life's work is unified and harmonious.

In the first phase of his search for his own path, when, at the age of forty, he began to learn from the experiences of the Warsaw and Darmstadt festivals, he made use, besides the influence of Webern, that of Bartók as well (Ricercare 1959, Cinque studi 1960, Musica da ballo 1961). In the years to follow he came to find his own individual style through tone studies of particular beauty (three euphonies 1963, 1964, 1965). From the second half of the sixties, the magical tone production was complemented by a richer content, an organic inner dramaturgy, and melodic-rhythmic characterisation, creating a synthesis of modern and traditional elements (Gemma, 1968, Monumentum 1945 1969, Consort 1970, Landscapes /Tájképek/ 1974, Kaleidoszkóp 1976). In the two Sirató (Lament) (1963) he combined the new technique with the human voice, and in the Magyar Sirató (Hungarian Lament) (1969) produced a shattering reinterpretation of the ancient Hungarian folk style.

Rudolf Maros utilised the new results of Western music not only in his own workshop, but mediated it also for the multitude of his pupils and friends. At the Music Academy he taught, besides wind chamber music, music theory and orchestration, the techniques of twentieth century composition. His culture, open and honest demeanour, cheerful and tolerant personality made him widely liked, and he also carried out his work as a radio lector to general satisfaction. He was awarded the Erkel Prize three times, and was given the titles, Meritorious Artist and Outstanding Artist, in recognition of his work. He was a founding member, and a member of the presidium, of the Hungarian Musicians' Association, besides which, as a member of the presidium of the New Music International Society, he worthily represented Hungarian music abroad for decades. He died painfully early, at the age of sixty-six.

In 1991 he was awarded posthumous with Béla Bartók-Ditta Pásztory Prize.
Year Title Publisher Code Remark
1970 Mihály András, Maros Rudolf, Székely Endre, Láng István, Balassa Sándor, Lendvay Kamilló művei Hungaroton LPX 11494 LP
1976 Csendes éj
(Silent Night)
Hungaroton SLPX 16598 Reissue on CD: HCD 16598 (1994)
1994 Csendes éj
(Silent Night)
Hungaroton HCD 16598 Reissue of Hungaroton SLPX 16598 (1976)
1998 Kórusművek Debrecennek
(Vocal Works to Debrecen)
Magánkiadás BR 0109
2001 Harpa Hungarica Magánkiadás B0006M4N4Q
2005 Magyar zenei mozaik
(Hungarian Music Mosaic)
Hungaroton HCD 32330
Title Type Year
4 Studies for 4 Percussion-Players Chamber Music 1975
The Goose baker Children's choir 0
The Chain Bridge in a Day Incidental music 1952
Moustache Incidental music 1951
Soldier´s of Peace Choir and orchestra 1950
Wonderful Gum Shoes Incidental music 1963
The Piggy Duckling Incidental music 1959
The Pleiad Solo voice(s) with solo instrument(s) 0
Hammer of the Locality Incidental music 1951
The Seven-Headed Fairy Incidental music 0
The Pirate Incidental music 1945
Songs of the Hungarian History and Revolution Solo voice(s) with chamber orchestra 0
A piacere Film music 1976
The Cricket´s Pennies Incidental music 1959
The Turkish and Cows Children's choir 0
Africa (Stamps are talking about Africa) Film music 1962
Wattle Incidental music 1951
Albumblätter für Kontrabass / Album-Leaves for Contrabass Instrumental solo 1973
Anonymi Zagrabiensis: Sequentia de Virgine Maria Mixed choir 1947
Golden Village Incidental music 1951
Table Music Chamber Music 1948
Poet of the Clay: Margit Kovács Film music 1958
The Comedy of Man Incidental music 1957
Bagatelles - For Organ Instrumental solo 1960
Balkan Suite (or Albanian Suite) Chamber Music 1950
Tobias Left Hand Incidental music 1952
Clown Parade Incidental music 1954
Mary´s Litany Mixed choir 0
Puppetplay Overture Orchestral work 1944
Miner´s Ballad - Dance Play Ballet / Choreographic work 1961
Miners Song Incidental music 1950
Miner´s Song Male choir 1950
Cinque studi per orchestra Orchestral work 1960
Concertino per fagotto et orchestra Concerto 1953
Concerto grosso String orchestra 1948
Consort Chamber Music 1970
Csacsa - For Piano Instrumental solo 0
Mari Folk Songs Mixed choir 1977
Star on the Bale Fire Incidental music 1975
My Star - Four Folk Songs Mixed choir 1950
Thorn Rose Stage work 1953
Song about the Liberation Choir and solo instrument(s) 0
Our Singing Neighbors - Folk Song-Suite Mixed choir 1950
Divertimento - Violin-Viola Duos Chamber Music 1940
Divertimento - For Three Violins Chamber Music 1956
South Slavic Folk Songs Solo voice(s) with ensemble 0
Wedding in Ecser Stage work 1951
The Diary of a Model Incidental music 1959
The Story of a Second Film music 1957
Egypt - For Piano Instrumental solo 0
Come with Us, Comrade! Choir and solo instrument(s) 0
In the Evening Solo voice(s) with solo instrument(s) 0
Euphony No. 1. Orchestral work 1963
Euphony No. 2 Orchestral work 1964
Euphony No. 3 Orchestral work 1965
This Earth Doesn´t Belong to Others - Two Chinese Folk Songs Choir and solo instrument(s) 0
In Eighteen Hundred and Forty-Eight Mixed choir 0
Resurrection on Makucska Incidental music 1945
Flute Incidental music 1950
Our Earth´s Fellow Traveler Film music 1957
Gemma. In memoriam Zoltán Kodály Orchestral work 1968
Children´s Songs Solo voice(s) with solo instrument(s) 1943
Turtledoves - For Piano Instrumental solo 0
Death-dance Ballad Incidental music 0
Cinderella Incidental music 1954
I Want to Go Home Incidental music 1950
Let God Arise: Psalm 68 Mixed choir 1979
Three Csango-Hungarian Folk Songs !to be determined 1954
Three Songs - For Soprano and Piano Solo voice(s) with solo instrument(s) 1952
Three Short Choirs Mixed choir 0
From Háros - Four Folk Songs Stage work 1951
Everyday´s Requiem - Dance Play Ballet / Choreographic work 1962
Signal for the TV-News Incidental music 1953
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs Incidental music 1959
Sinfonietta No. 1 Orchestral work 1947
String Quartet No. 1 Ensemble 1947
Sinfonietta No. 2 (in tempore belli...) Orchestral work 1948
I Knew Your Father Solo voice(s) with solo instrument(s) 0
Hansel and Gretel Incidental music 1959
Notices String orchestra 1972
Game for Life Film music 1960
Playful Animals Film music 1960
Kaleidoscope - For Chamber Orchestra Chamber orchestra 1976
Christmas Songs Choral music 0
Caucasian Chalk Circle Incidental music 1960
Duos for Two Violins or Violin Ensemble Chamber Music 1945
Greeting of Kodály (Variations on a theme by Kodály) Symphony orchestra 1962
Greeting Kodály, Variation No. 17 Symphony orchestra 1962
Contrasts Chamber orchestra 1979
Christ is Risen Choir and solo instrument(s) 0
Canon to the Five-Year Plan Mixed choir 0
Two Folk Songs from Baranya-County Solo voice(s) with solo instrument(s) 1947
Two Little Songs on a Poem by Sándor Weöres Solo voice(s) with solo instrument(s) 1944
Two Little Pinguins - Puppet Music Music for the theater 1976
Two Russian Folk Songs Mixed choir 0
Two Laments Solo voice(s) with ensemble 1963
Toast Solo voice(s) with solo instrument(s) 0
Toast Stage work 1954
MINSZ March Choir and solo instrument(s) 0
Muki Bear Incidental music 1952
Hungarian Applied Artists Film music 1973
I Walked on the Roads of War Solo voice(s) with solo instrument(s) 1947
The Sheperds Arrived Solo voice(s) with ensemble 0
Tale Box Incidental music 1952
Distances Mixed choir 1975
Like the Sea in a Drop Film music 1961
Squirrel Mike Incidental music 1961
Monumentum (In memoriam 1945) Orchestral work 1968
Musica da ballo - Suite Orchestral work 1961
Musica da camera per 11 Chamber Music 1966
Musica leggiera Chamber Music 1956
May. Overture for Orchestra Orchestral work 1954
Squirrels Incidental music 1952
Works and Artists: Barcsay Film music 1959
Works and Workshops Film music 1967
Liar Lad Incidental music 1959
Rhythms of the Day Incidental music 1965
Eight Godly Songs Solo voice(s) with solo instrument(s) 1948
Rabbit-Tail Choirs Mixed choir 1951
Rabbit-Tail Cantata - On the Poems by Sándor Weöres Solo voice(s), choir & chamber orchestra 1948
Four Folk Songs Mixed choir 0
Folk Songs and Taunting Songs Choir, solo instrument(s) & orchestra 1954
Folk Song Suite for Mezzo Soprano and String Orchestra Solo voice(s) with chamber orchestra 0
Folk Song Suite for Piano Instrumental solo 0
Peasant-Ballad Solo voice(s) with solo instrument(s) 1941
Little Red Riding Hood and the Wolf Incidental music 1950
Documentary of Béla Kondor Film music 1978
Prairie ball Stage work 1955
Quartettino per archi Chamber Music 0
Quartetto per archi / String Quartet Ensemble 1948
Predacious plants, live traps Film music 1959
Mrs. Rapó Incidental music 1952
Reflexionen / Reflections Ballet / Choreographic work 1970
Ricercare - In memoriam 1919 Orchestral work 1959
Reportage from Wax City Film music 1958
Romanian Folk Songs Solo voice(s) with ensemble 0
Serenata / Serenade Chamber Music 1951
Sinfonia per archi / Symphony for Strings String orchestra 1956
Lament Solo voice(s) with ensemble 1969
Stanzas Solo voice(s) with solo instrument(s) 1977
Szatmárköritó Incidental music 1951
To Saint Cicely Mixed choir 0
Concerto grosso for New Year´s Eve, or the Entry of the Clowns Orchestral work 1952
Slovakian Folk Songs Solo voice(s) with ensemble 0
Sonatina for Piano Instrumental solo 0
Suite Instrumental solo 1966
Beautiful Young Lady Solo voice(s) with solo instrument(s) 0
Leaping Legs, Gliding Shadows. Running, Flying Film music 1965
Farm Incidental music 1950
Toldi Incidental music 1950
Trucker Song Mixed choir 1951
Trio - For Violin, Viola and Cimbalom Chamber Music 1974
Trio - For Violin, Viola and Harp Chamber Music 1967
Joke Chamber Music 1973
Landscapes String orchestra 1974
Dance Song - My Rose Comes from the Farm Mixed choir 0
Fragment Orchestral work 1977
Tüsköm-Dance - For Piano Four hands Chamber Music 1952
Baptism of Fire Incidental music 1951
Our Guests Incidental music 1951
Joyful Overture Orchestral work 1953
László Gallant Incidental music 1952
Variations - For Piano Four Hands Chamber Music 0
Blood Donation (What you have given is life) Film music 1963
Chant it! Mixed choir 0
Piano Pieces Instrumental solo 0
Pansy Film music 1975
Transcription - Bartók Béla: Ten Easy Pieces String orchestra 0
Transcription - Fr. Schubert: Three Little Pieces String orchestra 0
Transcription - G. F. Händel: Little Suite String orchestra 0
Transcription - J. Chr. Bach: Quintetto Ensemble 0
Transcription - J. Haydn: Three Little Pieces !to be determined 0
Transription - J.S. Bach-W.A. Mozart: Adagio and Fugue Ensemble 0
Transcription - W.A. Mozart: Divertimento (K.V. 270) Ensemble 0
Transcription - W.A. Mozart: Three Dances String orchestra 0
Eve´s Songs - Children-Cantata Choir and orchestra 0
Eternal Renewal Film music 1965
Pioneer Song Choir and solo instrument(s) 0
Pioneer Inviting Children's choir 0
Pioneers Campfire Choir and solo instrument(s) 0